Migrate from Spree

You can migrate your Spree store to Solidus. This article outlines what you need, how to migrate, and the common problems you should be aware of before making the switch.

Note that most migrations are not a one-click process. Every store is different and will have different requirements.


  • Familiarity with Ruby on Rails.
  • Familiarity with your Rails application and your store's database.
  • A store running on Spree 2.2, 2.3, or 2.4.
  • A Rails application that can readily be upgraded from 4.1.x to a newer version.

If your store uses an earlier version of Spree, consider upgrading to 2.4 before you start the migration process. If your store runs 3.0 or newer, see our note about migrating from Spree 3.0 or newer .

Remember that you should always back up your databases before attempting a migration in a production environment.

Required reading


This article walks you through a basic migration from Spree 2.4 to Solidus 1.4. Note that if you have customized your Spree-based store, or you use another version of Spree, this article may not include additional migration steps that you need to perform. After you have successfully upgraded to Solidus 1.4, you can incrementally upgrade to the most recent version .

You are running a store on Spree 2.4.4. You use the standard spree_auth_devise gem for authentication, and your application runs on Rails 4.1.x. Your Gemfile has the following lines:

      gem 'spree', '~> 2.4.0'
gem 'spree_auth_devise', github: 'spree/spree_auth_devise', branch: '2-4-stable'

gem 'rails', '~> 4.1.0'


You want to migrate from Spree to Solidus. To make the upgrade process more straightforward, you plan to migrate to Solidus 1.4 before upgrading to Solidus 2.0 and beyond.

Replace Spree gems in your Gemfile

First, replace the Spree gems in your Gemfile. In their place, you are going to add Solidus gems locked to their 1.4 versions. You may want to keep the lines from your Spree gems commented out for reference:

      gem 'solidus', '~> 1.4.0'
gem 'solidus_auth_devise', '~> 1.4.0'

# gem 'spree', '~> 2.4.0'
# gem 'spree_auth_devise', github: 'spree/spree_auth_devise', branch: '2-4-stable'


Prepare to upgrade Rails to 4.2.x

If you attempt to run bundle update at this point, notice that Bundler runs into a number of dependency issues. Next, you need to upgrade to Rails 4.2 for this migration.

Update the Rails version in your Gemfile to ~> 4.2.0:

      gem 'rails', '~> 4.2.0'


Note that upgrading Rails affects many other gem versions in your application.

If you use Rails' default asset pipeline, for example, we recommend that you explicitly update the versions of the sass-rails gem in your Gemfile, as well as explicitly setting the versions for the dependencies sprockets and bourbon:

      gem 'sprockets', '2.11.0'
gem 'bourbon', '< 5.0.0'
gem 'sass-rails', '~> 4.0.0'


Run bundle update

After you have replaced the Spree gems in your Gemfile and prepared to upgrade Rails to 4.2.x, you can update your application with Bundler:

      bundle update


At this point, the update should run successfully. If it does not, check your Gemfile for other gems that require specific updates to their dependencies.

Install Solidus migrations

Now that you have successfully installed the Solidus gems, you need to copy all of the Solidus-specific migrations into your application:

      bundle exec rake railties:install:migrations


Start the Solidus installation process

Now that your Spree store includes Solidus and its migrations, you can start the Solidus install process:

  1. Run bundle exec rails generate spree:install.
  2. Run bundle exec rails generate solidus:auth:install.
  3. Run bundle exec rake db:migrate.

During the rails generate spree:install step, Rails should prompt you to overwrite some configuration files:

  • /config/initializers/spree.rb: Adds additional default configuration settings for Solidus gems.
  • /vendor/assets/javascripts/spree/frontend/all.js: Removes an empty line.
  • /vendor/assets/stylesheets/spree/frontend/all.css: Removes an empty line.
  • /vendor/assets/javascripts/spree/backend/all.js: Removes an empty line.
  • /vendor/assets/stylesheets/spree/backend/all.css: Removes an empty line.

You can respond to the prompt with d to see a diff of the changes to each file.

The rails generate spree:install step also asks if you would like to create another admin user. However, you can safely continue using the admin user from Spree.

Manage deprecation warnings

After upgrading your Spree 2.4 application to Solidus 1.4, you may see some deprecation warnings. The amount of deprecation warnings depends on how many Spree features you use that are being deprecated in Solidus, as well as additional gems your application uses.

If you plan to upgrade to Solidus 2.0, you need to deal with the deprecated code within your application code. The warnings should give you straightforward solutions.

For deprecation warnings that come from specific gems, you may be able to get rid of them by simply upgrading those gems.

Upgrade Solidus incrementally

Now that you have transitioned from Spree to Solidus, you upgrade from Solidus 1.4 to the next major version: 2.0. From 2.0, you can upgrade to each minor version incrementally until you are at the newest version.

Upgrading incrementally is less risky than upgrading straight from 1.4 to 2.4. It ensures that you have all of the necessary migrations and don't inadvertently break existing functionality in your application code.

Use the notes in Solidus's changelog to help you upgrade to each minor version of Solidus gracefully.

Migrating from Spree 3.0 or newer

Solidus is a fork of Spree 2.4. After Spree 2.4, the Spree and Solidus code bases start to diverge. For example, Spree 3.0 introduces a Bootstrap-based frontend and backend which is significantly different from Solidus's frontend and backend.

If you run Spree 3.0 and want to migrate, we suggest that you upgrade to some intermediate versions of Solidus first:

  1. Upgrade to Solidus 1.4 first. This is the last version of Solidus that uses Rails 4.2.
  2. Upgrade from Solidus 1.4 to Solidus 2.0, which runs on Rails 5.0.
  3. Upgrade from Solidus 2.0 to Solidus 2.1. Solidus 2.1 removes methods that were deprecated in Solidus 1.4.


Solidus is an open source platform supported by the community. We encourage everyone using Solidus to contribute back to the documentation and the code.

If you’re interested in contributing to the docs, get started with the contributing guidelines. If you see something that needs fixing and can’t do it yourself, please send us an email.